102. 103. Quoted into the Fred Kaplan, The fresh Only one ), 207. 104. Cited within the John W. Hollenbach, ‘‘The image of Arab inside NineteenthCentury English and Western Literary works,” Muslim Community 63.step 3 (erican Palestine: Melville, Twain, as well as the Holy Homes Mania (Princeton: Princeton School Push, 1999), 190.
chapter 4 1. A number of Eu writers continued to hold the view you to Muslim incursions along the years had forgotten the wonder and you may acquisition from the Roman earlier in the day, and just British and French imperialism had oriented a defensive wall surface podÅ‚Ä…czenie established men ranging from civilized Europeans and you will barbarian Muslims. The fresh French-born English pioned instance a standpoint inside the quickly written polemic Eso Perpetua: Algerian Degree and you will Thoughts (1906), dashed out-of as the a text to spend his expenses shortly after several weeks spent from inside the Algeria to recover from pneumonia. Their tasks are a good paean to the French presence from inside the Algeria, that he watched given that fixing the former Roman state so you’re able to their rightful set. Clash-of-cultures supporters you are going to ?nd Belloc an unpleasant friend: ‘‘This is one way it does end: they will get off united states the wineries, our sculptures, and you will all of our harbor places, and we’ll get-off these to its wasteland here and you may past brand new mountains, because of it is their native set.” Quoted inside Benche?rif, Picture of Algeria in Anglo-American Website, 144–145. dos. One or two useful volumes in this regard try John L. Esposito and you will John O. Voll, Providers of modern Islam (Nyc: Oxford College Drive, 2001), and you can John L. Esposito, ed., Voices out-of Resurgent Islam (Nyc: Oxford University Push, 1983). step three. Bar-Yosef, Holy End in English Community, 247–249. cuatro. James L. Gelvin, The current Middle east: A past (Nyc: Oxford School Drive, 2005), 257–260. 5. Michael J. Cohen, Assaulting Industry Conflict Around three from the Middle eastern countries: Allied Backup Agreements, 1945–1954 (London: Honest Cass, 1997), 42, 327. six. Stephen Kinzer, All the Shah’s Men: An american Coup and Root of Middle eastern countries Horror (New york: John Wiley & Sons, 2003), 221. eight. Gelvin, Progressive Middle eastern countries, 287. When you are claiming to lead a complete-?edged revolution, Khomeini never ever served popular sovereignty and you can, despite their states become leading an enthusiastic Islamic republic, there are zero types of a beneficial republic or nationalistic government during the the Koran otherwise haddith. 8. Jean Lacouture, Nasser, a bio (New york: Alfred An effective. Knopf, 1973), 128. 9. Quoted from inside the William L. Cleveland, A reputation the current Middle east, 3rd release (Boulder, Co.: Westview, 2004), 313. New Far eastern-African Fulfilling inside the Bandung, Indonesia, gathered management (really of recently independent regions) to talk about common venture and you will opposition to help you neocolonialism. 10. Surgery Matching Panel, Arizona, D.C., Collection from U.S. Bodies and private Company Activity Off Islamic Groups since an aspect from Overseas Functions, May step 3, 1957. Declassi?ed Summer 18, 1991. The fresh new document was
discussed within the Bulliet, Circumstances getting Islamo-Christian Civilization, 99–117. I’m pleased to Teacher Bulliet to own sending me a duplicate of one’s document. eleven. Bulliet, Circumstances for Islamo-Christian Culture, seven. a dozen. : 100 % free Drive, 1958), and you can Walt W. Rostow, The newest Degrees regarding Monetary Gains: A non-Communist Manifesto (London: Cambridge College or university Press, 1960). thirteen. Bulliet, Instance to possess Islamo-Religious Civilization, 107. The author discusses that it ‘‘modernization” stage of modern Islamic training into the pages 102–112. fourteen. Albert Hourani, A track record of the new Arab Individuals (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Push, 1991), 434. 15. Hourani, Islam during the Eu Thought, 67–69. sixteen. Lockman, Competing Visions of Middle east 121–128. 17. Jean-Jacques Waardenburg, L’Islam dans le miroir de l’occident (The brand new Hague: Mouton, 1962), 11–18, 125–127, 239–245, 265–270. 18. Hourani, Islam inside Eu Believe, 35–42. 19. Waardenburg, L’Islam dans le miroir de- l’occident, 18–twenty seven, 97–104, 127–129, 245–249, 270–273, 293–295. 20. The fresh German sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920) remaining particular scattered thoughts on Islam, memorable quicker because of their stuff compared to the simple fact you to definitely these were part of their efficiency. He was mostly finding setting-up types of various religions up to better models, and had written never assume all users for the Islam. Find Toby Elizabeth. Huff and you will Wolfgang Schluchter, eds., Maximum Weber and you will Islam (New Brunswick, Letter.J.: Exchange, 1999). 21. Constance Padwick, Forehead Gairdner of Cairo, next ed. (London: Neighborhood for Producing Religious Degree, 1930). 22. W. H. T. Gairdner, The latest Reproach off Islam (London: Church Missionary Neighborhood, 1909), 75. 23. Ibid., 28. 24. Ibid., 172. twenty five. Cited within the Michael T. Shelley, ‘‘Forehead Gairdner from Cairo Reviewed,” Islam and Religious–Muslim Relationships 10.3 (1999): 265. twenty-six. Quoted ibid., 172. twenty seven. Jane We. Smith, ‘‘Some Latest Protestant Theological Re?ections on the Pluralism: Ramifications to possess Christian–Muslim Information,” Islam and you may Christian– Muslim Connections 8.step one (1997): 68–69. twenty eight. Ibid., 69. Towards the Zwemer, select and additionally ,” 361–363. 29. Quoted for the ,” 362. 30. Ibid., 362. 30. Thomas W. Arnold, Brand new Preaching from Islam: A history of new Propagation of your Muslim Faith, 2nd ed. (London: Archibald Constable, 1896), 333. 32. Ibid., 39–41, 341–342, 347–348.